Varicocele: Enlarged veins & reflux
Varicocele is enlarged testicle veins. These veins enlarge when blood does not circulate well and pools (this is called "reflux"). Pooled blood which damages and stretches the veins, and causes inflammation. As well, since the blood leaving the testicles is carrying testosterone, you testosterone pooling occurs (up to 100X normal concentrations)--which hypertrophies the veins. [what factors cause varicocele to develop?].
So, varicocele is pooled blood that is not circulating well.
Varicocele swelling and reflux cause toxic blood pooling and dysfunctional heat regualtion. These together damage the testicles and are responsible for varicocele symptoms, including:
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