Varicocele: Enlarged veins & reflux
Varicocele is enlarged testicle veins. These veins enlarge when blood does not circulate well and pools (this is called "reflux"). Pooled blood which damages and stretches the veins, and causes inflammation. As well, since the blood leaving the testicles is carrying testosterone, you testosterone pooling occurs (up to 100X normal concentrations)--which hypertrophies the veins. [what factors cause varicocele to develop?].
So, varicocele is pooled blood that is not circulating well.
Varicocele & testicular hyperthermia
The effected testicular veins are called the "pampiniform plexus" of the spermatic cord. As it turns out, the pampinform plexus is actually responsible for the most important cooling mechanism of the testicles (called "counter-current heat exchange"). Most people think that the main cooling mechanism is scrotal sagging--which is wrong. Scrotal sagging is important, but, it only works because of the counter current heat exchange mechanism.
So, varicocele causes testicular hyperthermia (too much heat).
Varicocele: Toxic blood pooling
The other major problem with varicocele is that it leads to toxic blood pooling. When the veins are swollen and there is reflux (some blood not flowing the right way), you get blood toxicity. This means hyperhydration, waste buildup, lack of nutrient exchange, ROS activity, etc. This damages both the testicles and testicular veins. So, you may not have had faulty vein valves before, but, as your varicocele progresses, the valves become damaged.
Why does varicocele cause pain & infertility?
So, what makes varicocele the leading cause of male infertility? Simply: Testicular hyperthermia & toxic blood pooling.
Similarly, why does varicocele cause pain? Because the testicles have an optimal temperature that they function at (2-4 degrees lower than normal body temperature), and blood pooling causes is toxic.
Why does varicocele get worse with age?
Warning! Avoid varicocele surgery.
How to naturally treat varicocele.
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